Package Info

ghc-lens


Lenses, Folds and Traversals


Unspecified

This package comes "Batteries Included" with many useful lenses for the types commonly used from the Haskell Platform, and with tools for automatically generating lenses and isomorphisms for user-supplied data types.

The combinators in 'Control.Lens' provide a highly generic toolbox for composing families of getters, folds, isomorphisms, traversals, setters and lenses and their indexed variants.

An overview, with a large number of examples can be found in the <https://github.com/ekmett/lens#lens-lenses-folds-and-traversals README>.

An introductory video on the style of code used in this library by Simon Peyton Jones is available from <http://skillsmatter.com/podcast/scala/lenses-compositional-data-access-and-manipulation Skills Matter>.

A video on how to use lenses and how they are constructed is available on <http://youtu.be/cefnmjtAolY?hd=1 youtube>.

Slides for that second talk can be obtained from <http://comonad.com/haskell/Lenses-Folds-and-Traversals-NYC.pdf comonad.com>.

More information on the care and feeding of lenses, including a brief tutorial and motivation for their types can be found on the <https://github.com/ekmett/lens/wiki lens wiki>.

A small game of 'pong' and other more complex examples that manage their state using lenses can be found in the <https://github.com/ekmett/lens/blob/master/examples/ example folder>.

/Lenses, Folds and Traversals/

With some signatures simplified, the core of the hierarchy of lens-like constructions looks like:

<<http://i.imgur.com/ALlbPRa.png&gt;&gt;

<images/Hierarchy.png (Local Copy)>

You can compose any two elements of the hierarchy above using '(.)' from the 'Prelude', and you can use any element of the hierarchy as any type it linked to above it.

The result is their lowest upper bound in the hierarchy (or an error if that bound doesn't exist).

For instance:

  • You can use any 'Traversal' as a 'Fold' or as a 'Setter'.

  • The composition of a 'Traversal' and a 'Getter' yields a 'Fold'.

/Minimizing Dependencies/

If you want to provide lenses and traversals for your own types in your own libraries, then you can do so without incurring a dependency on this (or any other) lens package at all.

/e.g./ for a data type:

> data Foo a = Foo Int Int a

You can define lenses such as

> -- bar :: Lens' (Foo a) Int > bar :: Functor f => (Int -> f Int) -> Foo a -> f (Foo a) > bar f (Foo a b c) = fmap (a' -> Foo a' b c) (f a)

> -- quux :: Lens (Foo a) (Foo b) a b > quux :: Functor f => (a -> f b) -> Foo a -> f (Foo b) > quux f (Foo a b c) = fmap (Foo a b) (f c)

without the need to use any type that isn't already defined in the 'Prelude'.

And you can define a traversal of multiple fields with 'Control.Applicative.Applicative':

> -- traverseBarAndBaz :: Traversal' (Foo a) Int > traverseBarAndBaz :: Applicative f => (Int -> f Int) -> Foo a -> f (Foo a) > traverseBarAndBaz f (Foo a b c) = Foo <$> f a <> f b <> pure c

What is provided in this library is a number of stock lenses and traversals for common haskell types, a wide array of combinators for working them, and more exotic functionality, (/e.g./ getters, setters, indexed folds, isomorphisms).


License: BSD-2-Clause
URL: https://hackage.haskell.org/package/lens

Categories

Releases

Package Version Update ID Released Package Hub Version Platforms Subpackages
4.13-2.3 info 5585 2016-09-14 12 GA-SP5
  • ppc64le
  • ghc-lens
  • ghc-lens-devel
4.13-2.6 info 5585 2016-09-14 12 GA-SP5
  • AArch64
  • s390x
  • x86-64
  • ghc-lens
  • ghc-lens-devel
4.15.3-bp150.2.4 info GA Release 2018-07-30 15
  • AArch64
  • ppc64le
  • x86-64
  • ghc-lens
  • ghc-lens-devel
4.17-bp151.1.10 info GA Release 2019-05-31 15 SP1
  • AArch64
  • ghc-lens
  • ghc-lens-devel
4.17-bp151.2.2 info GA Release 2019-07-18 15 SP1
  • ppc64le
  • x86-64
  • ghc-lens
  • ghc-lens-devel
4.19.2-bp152.1.2 info GA Release 2020-05-23 15 SP2
  • AArch64
  • ppc64le
  • x86-64
  • ghc-lens
  • ghc-lens-devel
4.19.2-bp153.1.23 info GA Release 2021-04-23 15 SP3
  • AArch64
  • ppc64le
  • x86-64
  • ghc-lens
  • ghc-lens-devel